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As a developer, it's a good idea to make your development process as streamlined as possible. Linters check syntax and help you produce consistent code that follows specific style rules that you can define yourself or inherit from existing configurations. Although it's not required, installing a linter will help you immensely.

Installing a code editor

First, you will need a proper code editor. Using programs such as Notepad and Notepad++ is discouraged, as they're inefficient for projects like these. If you aren't using one of the editors listed below, it's advised to switch.

Installing a linter

Install the ESLint packageopen in new window inside your project directory.

npm install --save-dev eslint
yarn add eslint --dev
pnpm add --save-dev eslint

One of the advantages proper code editors have is their ability to integrate linters via editor plugins. Install the appropriate plugin(s) for your editor of choice.

You can view plugins directly inside your editor.

  • Visual Studio Code: Press Ctrl + Shift + X
  • Atom: Press Ctrl + , and click on "Install"
  • Sublime Text: Press Ctrl + Shift + P and search for "Install Package" (available via Package Controlopen in new window)

After that, search for the appropriate plugin and install it. :::

Setting up ESLint rules

ESLint may display many warnings and errors about your code when you start using it but don't let this startle you. To get started, create a file in your project directory named .eslintrc.json and copy the code below into the file:

{
    "extends": "eslint:recommended",
    "env": {
        "node": true,
        "es6": true
    },
    "parserOptions": {
        "ecmaVersion": 2021
    },
    "rules": {

    }
}
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This is the basis of how an ESLint file will look. The rules object is where you'll define what rules you want to apply to ESLint. For example, if you want to make sure you never miss a semicolon, the "semi": ["error", "always"] rule is what you'll want to add inside that object.

You can find a list of all of ESLint's rules on their websiteopen in new window. There are indeed many rules, and it may be overwhelming at first, so if you don't want to go through everything on your own yet, you can use these rules:

{
    "extends": "eslint:recommended",
    "env": {
        "node": true,
        "es6": true
    },
    "parserOptions": {
        "ecmaVersion": 2021
    },
    "rules": {
        "arrow-spacing": ["warn", { "before": true, "after": true }],
        "brace-style": ["error", "stroustrup", { "allowSingleLine": true }],
        "comma-dangle": ["error", "always-multiline"],
        "comma-spacing": "error",
        "comma-style": "error",
        "curly": ["error", "multi-line", "consistent"],
        "dot-location": ["error", "property"],
        "handle-callback-err": "off",
        "indent": ["error", "tab"],
        "keyword-spacing": "error",
        "max-nested-callbacks": ["error", { "max": 4 }],
        "max-statements-per-line": ["error", { "max": 2 }],
        "no-console": "off",
        "no-empty-function": "error",
        "no-floating-decimal": "error",
        "no-inline-comments": "error",
        "no-lonely-if": "error",
        "no-multi-spaces": "error",
        "no-multiple-empty-lines": ["error", { "max": 2, "maxEOF": 1, "maxBOF": 0 }],
        "no-shadow": ["error", { "allow": ["err", "resolve", "reject"] }],
        "no-trailing-spaces": ["error"],
        "no-var": "error",
        "object-curly-spacing": ["error", "always"],
        "prefer-const": "error",
        "quotes": ["error", "single"],
        "semi": ["error", "always"],
        "space-before-blocks": "error",
        "space-before-function-paren": ["error", {
            "anonymous": "never",
            "named": "never",
            "asyncArrow": "always"
        }],
        "space-in-parens": "error",
        "space-infix-ops": "error",
        "space-unary-ops": "error",
        "spaced-comment": "error",
        "yoda": "error"
    }
}










 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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The major points of this setup would be:

  • Allowing you to debug with console.log();
  • Prefer using const over let or var, as well as disallow var;
  • Disapproving of variables with the same name in callbacks;
  • Requiring single quotes over double quotes;
  • Requiring semicolons. While not required in JavaScript, it's considered one of the most common best practices to follow;
  • Requiring accessing properties to be on the same line;
  • Requiring indenting to be done with tabs;
  • Limiting nested callbacks to 4. If you hit this error, it is a good idea to consider refactoring your code.

If your current code style is a bit different, or you don't like a few of these rules, that's perfectly fine! Just head over to the ESLint docsopen in new window, find the rule(s) you want to modify, and change them accordingly.

Last Updated: 2022/4/7 12:28:23